It would make more sense to hand punch them. Setting up a machine back in those days would be labor intensive.
Lay a piece of tape to get a straight line and line them up side by side. A bit of experience would allow the hammer operator to make each one pretty near the same depth all the way across.
However, in the picture Steelmonkey posted the last numeral is slightly higher than the rest. A dead giveaway. But the numbers on your 8 digit stock are nearly perfect. However, and this could be parallax (??), it looks like the -390- are slightly lower in relation to the rest. And on the 6 digit the -3- was miss-stamped.
So, I guess now that I look at them the stocks were, for the most part anyway, hand stamped. Of course, my few observations aren't conclusive. But given the time frame they were done....?